ONOZUKA, Tomoji

ONOZUKA, Tomoji

Name / Position

ONOZUKA, Tomoji / Professor

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Curriculum Vitae

Education

March 1987 finished the Doctor Course in Economics, the University of Tokyo.
March 1981 graduated from the Department of Economics, the University of Tokyo.

Professional Experience

July 2001 Professor at the Faculty of Economics, the University of Tokyo.
April 1996 Associate Professor at the Faculty of Economics, the University of Tokyo.
April 1991 Associate Professor at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Yokohama City University.
April 1990 Lecturer at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Yokohama City University.
April 1987 Research Associate at the Institute of Social Science, the University of Tokyo.

Research Field

Modern and Contemporary Economic History of Europe,  History of Labour Management and Industrial Relations in Modern Britain, Social History of Music, Cultural History of Food and History of Food Policy, “Societies with and without feral cats”

Research Theme

The First Global Economy (1870-1914) and the economic, social, and cultural relationships in it, and the First World War and its origins, continuation, and the postwar settlement which   destroyed the First Global Economy.

For about half a century from the 1870s to 1914, the world has developed extremely close and harmonious relationships centered on Europe, that is the First Global Economy. It differs completely from the Second Global Economy since the 1990s. In the First Global Economy relations between countries and regions of the world did not create imbalances, and balanced economic development was achieved by diversifying financial circulation and offsetting debt relations.  However, the assassination of the heir to the throne in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Sarajevo incident) caused the major European nations to enter into a full-scale war in just a few weeks, and the war actually destroyed the First Global Economy completely.

I have written again the origins of the First World War that destroyed good economic relations, which was very rare in history. I clarify the reason why the war lasted longer than originally expected.  And I explain that the postwar settlement (the Peace of Versailles) could not eliminate causes of the war and conditions that made the next war possiblem, which will reveal the world-historical characteristics of the transition from the Modern World (“the long nineteenth century”) to the Contemporary world (“the short twentieth century”).

It involved the socio-psychological effects of nationalism that fueled the jingoistic patriotism for “war” and the military (mainly logistical) factors that enabled long-term warfare. Also, the victory or defeat of the First World War was not decided militarily on the battlefield.  The outcome was decided by the substantive rationality of the people’s lives (especially the food supply and demand that makes it possible to keep eating without starvation) that formed the most fundamental conditions of the economy. Thus became the starting point of contemporary economic and agricultural policies.

Publications

Articles

  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Societies with and without feral cats: Is fertility control completely justified?”, UTokyo Focus; Features, 19 March 2020.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Capitalism, Ethics, and Association: From the Experience of the Economic Hisotrical Studies in Japan”, in Ritsumeikan Inamori Philosophy Research Center ed., International Conference “Capitalism and Ethics”, December, 2016, pp.9-15.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, Conference Report: “An International Comparison of War Machines,” The Kyoto Economic Review, Vol.LXXXI, No.2, July 2015.

Books and Monographs

  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, Economic History: A Clue to know today and live the future, Yuhikaku Publishers, Tokyo, 2018(in Japanese).
  • UMETSU, Junichi & ONOZUKA, Tomoji, eds., Considering Capitalism and Community from Hisao Otsuka’s Perspective - Commonweal, Association, and Nation, Nihon Keizai Hyouronsha Ltd., 2018.
  • ONOUZKA, Tomoji, ed., Origins of the First World War revisited;  International Division of Labor and Popular Psychology, Iwanami Shoten Publishers, 2014.
  • NAGURA, Bunji, YOKOI, Katsuhiko & ONOZUKA, Tomoji,  Japanese and British armament industry in the naval race : economic history of arms transfer and the Vickers Kongo case in 1910, Nihon Keizai Hyouronsha Ltd., 2003.
  • BABA Satoshi & ONOZUKA Tomoji, eds, Explorations in the economic and social history of the Western world, University of Tokyo Press, 2001.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, Origins of the craft regulations : British engineering industry in the Nineteenth century, Yuhikaku Publishers, Tokyo, 2001(in Japanese).

Others

  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Conceptions graphiques imaginees de la cuisine britannique et japonaise: Une comparaison de la conception des perceptions sensorielles de la saison”, Second colloque international du projet PSL Etudes globales “Fusion culinaire Europe-Asie: Espace global d’apprentissage et de recherche sur la cuisine”, Co-organise par Sandrine RUHLMANN (CNRS, CCJ), Tomoji ONOZUKA (l’Universite de Tokyo), Teresa FAUCON (Universite de Sorbonne nouvelle, IRCAV), Ael THERY (EHESS, CCJ) et Alice DOUBLIER (EHESS, CCJ), 18 et 19 mars 2019, la salle des Colonnes, l’Ecole des Mines, Paris, Republique de France.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “The First and the Second Global Economy: A comparison of the international labor movements in the two periods of globalisation”, Year-end Annual Conference of the Korean Economic History Society, 8th December 2018, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Ability for Culinary Creation”, First Conference on Alimentation, under the Joint Auspices of the Initiative de Recherche Interdisciplinaire Strategique Etudes Globales (IEG, PSL Universite Paris) and the Global Unit for Study and Transcription of Japanese Cuisine (GUSTO JC, the University of Tokyo), 2 October 2018, Yayoi Auditorium Annex. the University of Tokyo.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Relationships between Arms Availability and Violence:Opening Remarks”, Symposium “Relationships between Arms Availability and Violence”, 27 March 2018, co-sponsored by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP16KT0040 (Popular Basis and Technological Basis of Military/Para-Military Conflicts: Causalities and Norms for Dispute-Settlement and Avoidance) and the RIHGAT(Research Institute for the History of Global Arms Transfer), Meiji University.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Diffusion and Appropriationof the Western Taste of Music: An Experience of People’s Music in Modern Japan”, Round Table(RT7-1) “Ethnomusicology and the Music Industry: Appropriating the Ethnic”, the 20th Congress of the International Musicological Society, 22 March 2017, Tokyo University of Arts.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji., “Capitalism, Ethics, and Association: From the Experience of the Economic Hisotrical Studies in Japan”, Ritsumeikan Inamori Philosophy Research Center, Conference “Capitalism and Ethics”, 1 October 2016, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Internationality and Simulataneity of Popular Music: Experiences of the Japanese Labour and Socialist Movements in the late Nineteenth and early Twentieth Centuries”, Filozofski fakultet & Muzicka akademija, Sveuciliste u Zagrebu, 2.lipnja 2015.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Rational Foundations of Historical Failure”, GastColloquiumvortrag in Rahmen des CGS-Forums “Globalisierung zwischen Normalität und Ausnahmezustand” und des Forschungskolloquiums für Fortgeschrittene der Abteilung Neueste Geschichte und Zeitgeschichte des Historischen Instituts statt, 6 Mai 2011, Historisches Institut, Unitobler, Universität Bern.
  • ONOZUKA, Tomoji, “Opening Remarks: Proposition of the Colloquium”, Colloquium “Apprenticeship transformed and skilled workers redefined in the twentieth century; qualification, ablity, and science” (Colloque “Les evolutions des apprentissages et les redefinitions des ouvriers qualifies: qualification, technique et connaissance”), 13th December 2010, Kojima Conference Room, University of Tokyo.

Other Professional Activities and Awards